Types of Flights
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There are several types of categories of flights which have different levels of service.
Very short haul flights in smaller markets may be serviced by a regional jet on American Eagle. In larger markets and longer flights, it will likely be a served by American's domestic workhorses, the MD-80, 737, or the 757. Occasionally 767-200/300 and 777-200 planes will be seen. In the case of the 767-200/777-200, the Business cabin will be sold as additional Economy seats. There is generally a single drink service on short haul flights. In the premium cabin(s), flights of over 2 hours flying during will typically serve either a snack or a meal if the flight operates within traditional breakfast, lunch and dinner times. In coach, there are buy on board options for flights of more than 2 hours.
Hawaii Long Haul Flights
Flights from LAX to Hawaii are generally operated on domestic 757 aircraft and receive the same level of service as standard non-transcontinental domestic flights, despite being just as long as transcontinental flights. Flights from DFW/ORD to Hawaii are operated on 767-300 aircraft which feature the NGBC seats in the First Class cabin. The 767-300s are operated because of the long ranges required (apron 3800 and 4250 miles from DFW and ORD respectively). However, they also receive standard non-transcontinental domestic service, despite their length, which can be longer than some Transatlantic flights.
Flights non-stop flying from the west coast (SFO, LAX, SAN, SEA) to the east coast (JFK, BOS, MIA, IAD) and vice versa. Full-Fare First Class passengers (F or Z inventory) on a transcontinental flight have the added benefit of being allowed into the Admirals Club and Flagship Lounges.
American Flagship Service
There is a special type of transcontinental flight called American Flagship Service (AFS). These flights are flown on the widebody 3 class 762/777 planes. American promotes the Flagship Service as having a true First class service somewhat comparable to what would be expected on an international flight. Three Class Full-Fare First passengers (F/Z) receive entrance into the Flagship Lounges. Full-Fare Business (J/U) or two class Full-Fare First (F/Z) are allowed access to Admirals Clubs. Three Class upgraded First passengers (A) are permitted Admirals Club access if their original ticket was purchased in J.
Note that it appears that special meals can be ordered for transcontinental flights and not just AFS flights - AA.com is a bit ambiguous in this regard.
Short-Haul International flights cross a border, but are generally restricted to North America (Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean) and Central America. Flights on these routes resemble the standard domestic service. One noticeable difference is that the Business class cabins on a two class flight are properly called 'Business' as opposed to being called 'First'. Generally your Platinum or Executive Platinum will not grant you access to lounges on these itineraries, but there are some exceptions.
Short-Haul Latin America Service (Latin Flagship Service)
Flights to select destinations in northern Latin America where international service is provided but the seats are limited to AA's standard domestic configuration aircraft (usually 757s or 738s).
Long-Haul International (International Flagship Service)
Flights to Europe, Asia, and South American are considered long-haul flights. Flying on these routes allows your Platinum or Executive Platinum status to gain access to various lounges en route. These flights are usually widebody 767 or 777 planes which feature better meals in the premium cabins and better in flight entertainment options.